Types and Categories of Industrial Ovens Explicated

What Are Industrial Ovens?

Industrial ovens are the devices, which are used for generating high temperatures for the heat treatment of parts, metal conditioning, and curing of the metal coating. The 2 major types of industrial ovens are the continuous ovens and the batch ovens. As their names suggest, a batch oven can do the treatment of a big number of parts at once. Continuous ovens are often the major part of mass production and can consist of heating as well as cooling functionalities. The operation of an industrial oven depends largely upon its usage requirement. Gas ovens, electric ones, steam ovens, hot water ovens, and microwave ovens are the conveyor-loaded industrial ovens. Product loading patterns and airflow patterns are important for the success of industrial ovens. 6 different airflow patterns are there, depending on the product type and how they have been loaded. Heat gets circulated by forced convection.

Categories of Industrial Ovens

Below are some of the common categories of industrial ovens, which are unique in their creation, structure, product handling, as well as flexibility:

  • Industrial Electric Oven: This type of oven uses electricity. It has a quick heat-up time, and precise temperature control, and is available at a comfortable rate. This type of oven is perfect to deal with the combustible product(s) and/or work with some metals namely aluminum that may discolor when they are heated by gas.
  • Laboratory Oven: This type of oven is used for testing samples during the product development process or while completing the light-duty productions of smaller parts.
  • Industrial Batch Oven: This type of oven is used for processing a large number of products. This type comes in different sizes, which vary from some cubic meters to even several cubic feet. 
  • Conveyor Oven: This type of oven is used in automated productions and this is usually designed for fitting into some particular manufacturing processes. This type of oven can operate at varying speeds. It consists of multiple heat zones, a cooling zone, and also an exhaust hood. It does the work of curing, preheating, drying, bonding, tempering, stress-relieving, annealing, and forming.
  • Curing Oven: This type of oven causes powder/paint to be bonded with metal(s). It is capable of hardening the products that are made from rubber, plastic, or some metal.  
  • Direct Gas Oven: This type of oven is more costly to be constructed than an electric oven but it is less costly to use as the gas cost is lesser than the cost of electricity. 
  • Drying Oven: This type of oven is used for removing moisture, heat-treating metal(s) for extrusion processes, for sterilizing medical equipment(s). It uses natural/forced convection.
  • Tunnel Oven: This type of oven has an open-ended chamber(s), which are connected to a metal belt; this has a baking platform too. Products get baked straight away on a pan or on the hearth. 
  • Microwave Oven: This type of oven has been very common for cooking and heating food in houses, but recent developments have resulted in the use of these ovens for industrial purposes as well. 
  • Baking Oven: This type of oven releases moisture, trapped gasses, or volatile compounds from the coatings on the finished products. 
  • Vacuum Oven: This type of oven controls atmospheric pressure inside the heating chamber for removing any contaminants, and for providing better control over the treatment process.
  • Infrared Oven: This type of oven uses high-intensity lighting for maximizing production and for minimizing the use of energy. 

Heatcon Sensors – The Largest Manufacturer of Industrial Ovens

If you wish to have more information about the industrial ovens for your application(s), you can contact the experts at Heatcon Sensors; they happen to be one of the largest manufacturers of high-quality industrial ovens.