What Is An Industrial Furnace & Its Various Components?

An industrial furnace is different from an industrial oven because of the difference in operating temperature ranges between the two. While industrial ovens operate between 5000 ºC to up to 1200 ºC, an industrial furnace is used in applications that require temperatures above 1300 ºC. Such furnaces operate on the principle of high oxidation process by heating various types of metals before forging them into different shapes. High temperatures are also needed to help remove any impurities from the metals before forging by heat oxidation. Thus, various metals, glass, or even ceramics can be heated at high temperatures in an industrial furnace to help with tempering, carburizing, annealing, and pre-treating of such materials. 

The Various Components of an Industrial Furnace!

Industrial furnaces are available in different configurations and sizes based on their application and type of industrial process for which it is required. There are small, compact, and portable furnaces which have swing-open doors which are best used in R&D labs, product and material testing labs, as well as dental labs. Whilst those industrial furnaces required in large metallurgy facilities have a conveyor system for managing high volumes of materials and generally are very huge. It is important to consider and understand the various components of an industrial furnace before choosing the best industrial furnace for any industrial process. These include:-

Type of Fuel: For achieving the highest order of temperatures, the choice of fuel or the power source is the most important factor one should consider. The most common industrial fuels used in industrial furnaces include combustible fuels such as natural gas or coal, but environment-conscious industries nowadays are turning their heads towards non-combustible fuels and prefer electricity-run furnaces. 

Heat Contact or Access: Based on the process requirement how the material is needed to be treated with heat, i.e., either it should come directly in contact with the heat source or indirectly defines the type of furnace needed. There are different furnaces available for meeting both the direct and indirect heating requirements of the process. A furnace with a heat exchanger is best suited for indirect heating the material, and for direct heating where the material comes in direct contact with the flame needs a different type of furnace. In any case, one must ensure safety of the operator which is paramount. 

Emission Type: An industrial furnace is the best which produces the least amount of hazardous emissions. Therefore, eco-friendly industrial furnaces are given preference over other types of furnaces. The best and modern industrial furnaces have undergone a significant design change in terms of keeping the furnace low on carbon monoxide emissions by simply redirecting the carbon dioxide away from the combustion chamber. 

Type of Insulation: Because of highest operating temperature requirements, the type and quality of insulation matters the most in order to ensure safety of the operators at all times. In order to avoid any burns injuries or accidents, the best type of insulation is needed for covering the outer layer of the industrial furnace which becomes too hot during the heating process.

High-Quality and Extremely Safe Industrial Furnaces by Heatcon Sensors!

For procuring the best, extremely safe, and high-quality industrial furnace for your industrial process, Heatcon Sensors is a leading manufacturer in India. You can contact our highly experienced product engineers to get a ready-made solution for your process requirement, or even a custom-made solution designed specifically for your unique industrial application.